Онлайн-уроки

15.01.2016 — Tenses in English

10.04.2016 — Present Tenses

11.04.2016 — Present Simple

12.04.2016 — Present Continuous

19.04.2016 — Present Perfect

20.04.2016 — Present Perfect Continuous

27.04.2016 — Past Simple

28.04.2016 — Past Continuous

29.04.2016 — Past Perfect

30.04.2016 — Past Perfect Continuous

11.05.2016 — Past Tenses

12.05.2016 — Future Simple

15.05.2016 — Future Continuous

16.05.2016 — Future Perfect

17.05.2016 — Future Perfect Continuous

Страницы: 12

Past Perfect

29.04.2016

Past Perfect Tense - прошедшее совершенное время 

Форма: had + 3-я форма смыслового глагола 

She had translated the article by 8:00 p.m.
She hadn't translated the article by 8:00 p.m.
Had she translated the article by 8:00 p.m.? 


Употребление:

1. Речь идет о действии, которое произошло перед другим действием в прошлом или до указанного момента в прошлом (by 5 o'clock): 

He had left by the time I got there. 
He had left by 6:15.
Roy had fallen asleep before his parents returned home. 

2. Речь идет о действии, которое завершилось в прошлом, с видимым результатом в прошлом: 

Jim had shaved his beard and he looked very nice.
She was sad because she had failed her test.


Указатели времени (сигналы), употребляемые в Past Perfect:

for, since, already, after, just, never, yet, before, by, by the time, till / until, etc.