Онлайн-уроки

15.01.2016 — Tenses in English

10.04.2016 — Present Tenses

11.04.2016 — Present Simple

12.04.2016 — Present Continuous

19.04.2016 — Present Perfect

20.04.2016 — Present Perfect Continuous

27.04.2016 — Past Simple

28.04.2016 — Past Continuous

29.04.2016 — Past Perfect

30.04.2016 — Past Perfect Continuous

11.05.2016 — Past Tenses

12.05.2016 — Future Simple

15.05.2016 — Future Continuous

16.05.2016 — Future Perfect

17.05.2016 — Future Perfect Continuous

Страницы: 12

Present Continuous

12.04.2016

Present Continuous Tense - настоящее длительное время

Формообразование Present Continuous 

am
is      +    Ving
are

Present Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в настоящем времени (am, is, are) и формы причастия настоящего времени (Present Participle) смыслового глагола: 

I am working now.
He is listening to music at the moment.
Look! They are playing tennis. 

Утверждение
Отрицание  Вопрос
I'm working
You're working
He's working
She's working 
It's working

We're working
You're working
They're working
 
I'm not working
You aren't working
He isn't working
She isn't working
It isn't working

We aren't working
You aren't working
They aren't working
 
 Am I working? - Yes, I am. / No, I'm not. 
Are you working? - Yes, you are. / No, you aren't. 
Is he working? - Yes, he is. / No, he isn't. 
Is she working? - Yes, she is. / No, she isn't. 
Is it working? - Yes, it is. / No, it isn't. 

Are we working? - Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.
Are you working? - Yes, you are. / No, you aren't. 
Are they working?  - Yes, they are. / No, they aren't. 


Правописание глаголов с -ing 

- если глагол оканчивается на -e, то -e опускается и добавляется -ing:

share - sharing
explore - exploring
type - typing

- если глагол оканчивается на гласную + согласная с ударением на этом слоге, то согласная удваивается и добавляется -ing

begin - beginning
put - putting
run - running

НО: open - opening ( т.к. ударение падает на первый слог) 



Случаи употребления Present Continuous 

Present Continuous употребляется, когда речь идет о: 

1. действиях, происходящих в момент речи (now, at the moment, Look! Listen!) :

She is washing up right now.
They are playing basketball at the moment.
Where is Margaret? - She's having a bath.
Let's go out now. It isn't raining any more. 

2. временных ситуациях (today, this month, this year, this week, etc.)

I'm preparing for my exams this month.
She is learning to drive a car this year.
We're redecorating the house this week.
She is working hard today. 

3. меняющихся и развивающихся ситуациях (nowadays, these days, etc.):

Her English is getting better and better.
Prices are growing
The population of the world is rising very fast. 

4. запланированных на будущее действиях, особенно когда известно время и место, или что-то было сделано для реализации этого действия (tomorrow, next month, etc.):

What are you doing tomorrow evening? - I'm going to the theatare.
Are you playing football tomorrow? - Yes, but Tom isn't playing. He has heart his leg.
Alex is getting married next month. 

5. С такими наречиями, как always, constantly, continually, для выражения эмоционального состояния (часто раздражения) по поводу часто повторяющихся действий: 

He's always calling us late at night.
She is constantly interrupting other people. 

Глаголы, не употребляющиеся в Continuous \ Stative verbs 

1. Глаголы, обозначающие чувства и эмоции: adore, appreciate (= value), detest, dislike, enjoy, forgive, hate, like, loathe, etc

He hates the show they are watching on TV (not: He is hating

2. Глаголы, выражающие восприятие: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, etc. 

The perfume smells very nice.

Часто с глаголами восприятия используется модальный глагол can / could:

Turn the radio down, please. I can't hear you. 

Такие глаголы, как watch, listen, look обозначают намеренные действия и могут использоваться в continuous:

John is watching a football game on TV. He can't see or hear it. 

Глаголы feel и hear можно использовать как в continuous, так и в simple:

John feels / is feeling worse today.

3. Глаголы, обозначающие умственные состояния: agree, believe, expect ( = think), see ( = understand), suppose, understand, etc.

I believe he's innocent. (not: I'm believing). 

4. Другие глаголы: appear ( = seem), belong, concern, contain, depend on, fit (= be the right shape and size for sth), have ( = possess), know, mean, owe, own, possess, need, prefer, require, want, weigh, keep ( = continue), seem, etc

He wants some more biscuits. (not: He is wanting.) 

Следует помнить, что некоторые глаголы (такие как be, love, see, smell, taste, think, etc.) могут также использоваться и в Continuous, но тогда они приобретают другое значение: 

State (глаголы, обозначающие состояние)Action (глаголы, обозначающие действия)
1. He thinks he is really clever. (= he believes = Он считает, верит...)

1. I'm thinking about his offer. (= I'm considering = Я обдумываю...) 

2. What does it taste like? (= What is its flavour? - Как это по вкусу?) 


2. He's tasting the food to see if it's good. (= He is testing the flavour. - Он пробует еду на вкус)

3. He has two houses. (= He owns, possesses = он владеет, у него есть) 

3. She is having lunch. (= She's eating. - Она обедает)

4. The silk shirt feels soft. (= It has a soft texture - По ощущениям шелковая рубашка мягкая) 

4. Ann is feeling the cat's fur. (= She is touching it - Она дотрагивается)


5. Do you see what I mean. (= Do you understand? - Ты понимаешь?)

5. I'm seeing Paula tonight. (= I'm meeting - "see" в значении встречаться)

6. Your perfume smells of apples. (= It has the smell - ощущать аромат )


6. She is smelling the roses. (= she's trying to smell - "smell" в значении нюхать )

7. I love / enjoy good films. (= I like in general)


7. I'm loving / enjoying the film. (= I like specifically - мне нравится сейчас именно этот фильм) 

8. It looks as if it's going to rain. (= it appears - кажется) 

8. He is looking at the painting. (= he's viewing it)

9. He appears to be working. (= he seems to be)

9. The opera singer is appearing on stage tonight. (= he will make an appearance)

10. The box is heavy. It weighs a lot. (= its weight is - имеет вес)


10. He is weighing the potatoes on the scale. (= he is finding out the weigh of - взвешивает)

11. Luciano is naughty. (= His character is bad) 


11. Suzy is being very naughty. (= she is misbehaving - непослушная только сейчас, не всегда) 

12. These shoes fit me perfectly. (= They are the right size - подходят по размеру) 12. We are fitting a new carpet in the hall. (= laying - примерять; смотреть , подходит ли по размеру)



Некоторые прилагательные могут использоваться с глаголом to be в continuous: они выражают временные характеристики: careful, foolish, kind, lazy, nice, patient, (im)polite, rude, silly etc. 

John is usually careful but today he's being careless. 
You're being very foolish. (normally used as a warning).